How To Create Drag and Drop Elements with Vanilla JavaScript and HTML

Creating drag-and-drop elements using vanilla JavaScript involves a few steps:

HTML Structure:

Firstly, set up your HTML structure with the elements you want to make draggable and droppable.

            <!DOCTYPE html>
                /* Add CSS for the draggable and droppable elements */
                .draggable {
                  width: 100px;
                  height: 100px;
                  background-color: #ccc;
                  margin: 10px;
                  cursor: move;
                .droppable {
                  width: 200px;
                  height: 200px;
                  background-color: lightblue;
                  margin-top: 20px;
              <div class="draggable" draggable="true">Drag me!</div>
              <div class="droppable" id="droppableArea">Drop here!</div>
                // JavaScript logic will go here

JavaScript for Drag and Drop Functionality:

Now, add JavaScript logic to make elements draggable and droppable:

            // Get the draggable element
            const draggableElement = document.querySelector('.draggable');
            // Add event listeners for drag events
            draggableElement.addEventListener('dragstart', (event) => {
              // Set data to be transferred during drag
              event.dataTransfer.setData('text/plain', 'Drag me!');
            // Get the droppable area
            const droppableArea = document.getElementById('droppableArea');
            // Add event listeners for drop events
            droppableArea.addEventListener('dragover', (event) => {
              // Allow drop by preventing the default behavior
            droppableArea.addEventListener('drop', (event) => {
              // Prevent default behavior to handle the drop
              // Get data from the dragged element
              const data = event.dataTransfer.getData('text/plain');
              // Append the dragged data to the droppable area
              droppableArea.innerHTML = data;

  • draggable="true" attribute is added to the element you want to make draggable.
  • dataTransfer.setData() sets the data to be transferred during the drag.
  • dragstart event is used to start the drag operation.
  • dragover event is used to allow the element to be a drop target by preventing the default behavior.
  • drop event is triggered when an element is dropped onto the target area.
  • event.preventDefault() prevents the default action of an event, allowing the drop.

Remember, this is a basic implementation. For more complex scenarios or multiple draggable items, you might need additional logic to handle different elements and their behaviors during drag and drop operations.

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