Build a RESTful API using Node and MongoDB

Building a RESTful API with Node.js and MongoDB involves creating routes, handling HTTP methods, connecting to a MongoDB database, and performing CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) operations. Below is a simple example using Express as the web framework and Mongoose as the MongoDB ODM (Object Data Modeling library). Before you begin, make sure you have Node.js, npm, and MongoDB installed.

  1. Initialize Your Project:

                        mkdir node-mongo-api
                        cd node-mongo-api
                        npm init -y                    

  2. Install Dependencies:

                        npm install express mongoose body-parser

    • express: Web framework for handling HTTP requests.
    • mongoose: MongoDB ODM for modeling and interacting with the database.
    • body-parser: Middleware to parse request bodies.
  3. Create app.js (or index.js):

                        const express = require('express');
                        const mongoose = require('mongoose');
                        const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
                        const app = express();
                        const PORT = process.env.PORT || 3000;
                        // Connect to MongoDB
                        mongoose.connect('mongodb://localhost:27017/your-database-name', {
                          useNewUrlParser: true,
                          useUnifiedTopology: true,
                        // Define a simple mongoose schema and model
                        const ItemSchema = new mongoose.Schema({
                          name: String,
                          description: String,
                        const Item = mongoose.model('Item', ItemSchema);
                        // Middleware for parsing JSON
                        // Routes
                        app.get('/api/items', async (req, res) => {
                          try {
                            const items = await Item.find();
                          } catch (error) {
                            res.status(500).json({ error: 'Internal Server Error' });
              '/api/items', async (req, res) => {
                          const { name, description } = req.body;
                          const newItem = new Item({ name, description });
                          try {
                            const savedItem = await;
                          } catch (error) {
                            res.status(500).json({ error: 'Internal Server Error' });
                        // Other CRUD routes (e.g., GET /api/items/:id, PUT /api/items/:id, DELETE /api/items/:id)
                        // Start the server
                        app.listen(PORT, () => {
                          console.log(`Server is running on http://localhost:${PORT}`);

  4. Run Your Server:

                        node app.js

Now you have a basic RESTful API with endpoints for retrieving all items (GET /api/items) and creating a new item (POST /api/items). Extend the routes and add logic for updating and deleting items based on your application requirements. Also, consider implementing input validation and error handling for a production-ready API.

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