How To Use .map() to Iterate Through Array Items in JavaScript

The map() method is a powerful and commonly used array method in JavaScript that creates a new array by applying a provided function to each element of the original array. Here's an example of how you can use map() to iterate through array items:

 // Sample array const numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];  // Using map to create a new array by doubling each number const doubledNumbers = (number) {   return number * 2; });  // Alternatively, you can use arrow functions for conciseness const tripledNumbers = => number * 3);  // Log the results console.log("Original array:", numbers); console.log("Doubled array:", doubledNumbers); console.log("Tripled array:", tripledNumbers); 

In this example, map() takes a callback function that will be called for each element in the array. The callback function receives the current array element as an argument, and whatever is returned from the callback becomes the new value in the resulting array.

Note that map() doesn't modify the original array; it creates a new one. If you want to modify the original array in place, you might consider using forEach().

Here's a breakdown of the key points:

Original Array: numbers is the array we want to iterate through.


Callback Function: The function provided to map takes an argument (in this case, number), which represents the current element in the array.

Return Value: The function returns a new value for each element, and these values form the new array.

New Arrays: doubledNumbers and tripledNumbers are new arrays created by applying the respective transformations using map().

Remember that you can use arrow functions for shorter syntax, as shown in the example with tripledNumbers.

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