What is REPL? What purpose it is used for

REPL stands for "Read-Eval-Print Loop." It's an interactive programming environment that allows users to enter commands or expressions and have them immediately executed and evaluated.

Here's what each component of REPL does:

  1. Read: It reads user input, whether it's a single line of code or a multi-line expression.
  2. Eval: It takes the user input, interprets it, and evaluates the expression or code that was entered.
  3. Print: After evaluation, the result is printed or displayed to the user.
  4. Loop: Finally, the loop starts again, allowing the user to enter more inputs, creating an iterative and interactive experience.

REPL environments are immensely useful during development, debugging, and learning processes for several reasons:

  1. Quick Prototyping: Developers can quickly test small code snippets or experiment with language features without creating full-fledged programs.
  2. Debugging and Exploration: It helps in exploring libraries, APIs, and language constructs interactively, allowing users to understand behavior and test functionality in real-time.
  3. Learning and Education: REPLs are valuable in educational settings as they provide an interactive way for learners to experiment with code and see immediate results, aiding in comprehension and retention.

In Node.js, you can access the REPL environment by typing node in your terminal without specifying a file. It provides a command-line interface where you can type JavaScript code directly, see the output immediately, and interact with the JavaScript runtime environment.

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